Tubectomy, also known as tubal ligation or female sterilization, is a permanent contraceptive procedure for women. It involves surgically closing or blocking the fallopian tubes, which are the pathways that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. By blocking the fallopian tubes, the procedure prevents sperm from reaching the eggs, thus preventing pregnancy.

During tubal ligation, a surgeon can use various techniques to block the fallopian tubes, such as cutting and tying, sealing, or placing clips or rings. Tubectomy is typically done through laparoscopic surgery, which involves making small incisions in the abdomen to access and visualize the fallopian tubes using a laparoscope.

Tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control, and it is important for individuals to carefully consider their decision, as reversal procedures can be complex and may not always result in restored fertility. Tubectomy is generally suitable for women who are confident about not wanting to have more children or have completed their desired family size.