Termination of Pregnancy, also known as Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) or abortion, refers to the deliberate ending of a pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viability outside the womb. It can be a sensitive and complex decision that women may make for various reasons, including personal, medical, or social factors.

MTP can be performed through different methods:

Medical Abortion: This method involves using medication (such as mifepristone and misoprostol) to induce abortion during the early stages of pregnancy (up to 10 weeks gestation). It is a non-invasive approach that allows the woman to terminate the pregnancy at home under medical supervision.

Surgical Abortion: Surgical methods include aspiration or dilation and curettage (D&C). Aspiration involves removing the contents of the uterus through suction, while D&C involves dilating the cervix and scraping the uterine lining.

The legality and availability of MTP vary by country and region, and it is essential for women seeking an abortion to access safe and legal procedures, accompanied by appropriate counseling and support. Access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare, including family planning options and counseling, is crucial to ensuring women’s reproductive rights and overall well-being.