Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD), also known as spontaneous vaginal delivery, is the most common method of childbirth where the baby is born through the birth canal (vagina) without the need for surgical intervention. It is a natural and physiological process of labor and delivery.

During a normal vaginal delivery, the following stages typically occur:

Labor: The onset of contractions and the gradual opening of the cervix (dilation) to allow the baby to pass through.

Expulsion: The active phase of labor where the baby’s head descends through the birth canal, and the mother pushes to facilitate the baby’s delivery.

Placental delivery: After the baby is born, the placenta is expelled from the uterus.

NVD is associated with various benefits, such as shorter recovery time, reduced risk of complications, and fewer postoperative risks compared to cesarean section. However, not all pregnancies are suitable for NVD, and the mode of delivery is determined based on individual circumstances, the mother’s health, and the baby’s position and well-being. Medical professionals closely monitor the labor process to ensure the safety and well-being of both the mother and the baby.