Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a specialized surgical technique used in obstetrics and gynecology (obs & gyn) to diagnose and treat various conditions affecting the female reproductive system. It involves making small incisions in the abdomen and inserting a thin, flexible instrument called a laparoscope, which has a camera attached to it. The camera allows the surgeon to visualize the internal organs on a monitor and perform precise surgical procedures without the need for large incisions.

In gynecology, laparoscopic surgery is commonly used for procedures such as:

Laparoscopic hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus through small incisions.

Ovarian cystectomy: Removal of ovarian cysts.

Ectopic pregnancy surgery: Treatment of pregnancies that occur outside the uterus.

Endometriosis excision: Removal of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.

Laparoscopic surgery offers several advantages, including shorter recovery times, reduced postoperative pain, and minimal scarring. It is a safe and effective option for various gynecological conditions and has become a standard approach in many obstetric and gynecological procedures.