Laparoscopic sterilization is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for permanent contraception in women. Also known as “tubal ligation” or “tubal sterilization,” it involves sealing or blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus and being fertilized by sperm. During the procedure, a laparoscope (a thin tube with a camera) is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to visualize the fallopian tubes. Different techniques, such as cutting, cauterizing, or placing clips or rings, can be used to close the tubes. Recovery time is generally shorter compared to traditional surgery. However, as sterilization is permanent, it’s important for individuals to carefully consider this option.