Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment procedure used to increase the chances of pregnancy in couples experiencing difficulties conceiving naturally. Also known as artificial insemination, IUI involves placing washed and concentrated sperm directly into the woman’s uterus during her fertile period.

The IUI procedure typically follows a series of steps:

Ovulation Monitoring: The woman’s menstrual cycle is closely monitored to identify the optimal time for ovulation. This is usually done using hormonal tests and ultrasounds.

Semen Collection and Processing: A semen sample is collected from the male partner or a sperm donor. The sample is then processed in the laboratory to concentrate and separate healthy sperm from the seminal fluid.

Insemination: The processed sperm is introduced into the woman’s uterus using a thin, flexible catheter, which is inserted through the cervix.

IUI is often recommended for couples with certain infertility issues, such as low sperm count, cervical factor infertility, unexplained infertility, or mild endometriosis. It is a relatively simple and less invasive fertility treatment compared to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and can be performed in a healthcare provider’s office without the need for anesthesia.

While IUI may increase the chances of pregnancy, success rates can vary depending on various factors, including the couple’s age, overall health, and the underlying cause of infertility. Couples considering IUI should consult with a fertility specialist to determine if it is a suitable option for their specific situation.