Infertility evaluation and treatment are crucial for couples experiencing difficulty conceiving a child. Infertility is typically defined as the inability to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse (or six months for women over the age of 35).

Evaluation involves a thorough assessment of both partners’ medical history, lifestyle factors, and physical examinations. It may also include various tests to assess ovulation, sperm quality, and the condition of the reproductive organs.

Common infertility treatments include:

Medications: Fertility drugs may be prescribed to stimulate ovulation in women or improve sperm count and motility in men.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI): This procedure involves placing washed and prepared sperm directly into the woman’s uterus during her fertile period.

In vitro fertilization (IVF): IVF involves fertilizing eggs with sperm in a laboratory and transferring the resulting embryos into the woman’s uterus.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART): These encompass various advanced techniques to address specific infertility issues.

Infertility treatment is highly personalized, and the most appropriate approach depends on the underlying cause of infertility. It is essential for couples to consult with fertility specialists who can provide expert guidance, support, and tailored treatment options to increase their chances of successful conception.