Hysteroscopy and colposcopy are two different diagnostic procedures used to examine the female reproductive system, specifically the uterus and the cervix, respectively.

Hysteroscopy: It is a procedure that allows a healthcare provider to examine the inside of the uterus using a thin, lighted tube called a hysteroscope. The hysteroscope is inserted through the vagina and cervix, and images of the uterine lining are transmitted to a screen. Hysteroscopy helps diagnose and treat various uterine conditions, such as abnormal bleeding, polyps, fibroids, and adhesions.

Colposcopy: This procedure involves the examination of the cervix, vagina, and vulva using a colposcope, a special magnifying instrument. It is typically performed when there are abnormal Pap smear results or when cervical abnormalities are suspected. During colposcopy, the cervix is coated with a vinegar-like solution to highlight any abnormal areas, and the colposcope allows the healthcare provider to closely inspect the tissues for signs of abnormal cells.

Both hysteroscopy and colposcopy are valuable tools in gynecology, helping healthcare providers to accurately diagnose and manage various uterine and cervical conditions. They are generally safe and well-tolerated procedures that can be performed in an outpatient setting.