It is a common surgical intervention performed for various medical reasons, and there are two primary approaches: abdominal hysterectomy and vaginal hysterectomy.

Abdominal Hysterectomy: This procedure involves making an incision in the abdominal wall to access and remove the uterus. It is typically chosen when the uterus is enlarged, when there are adhesions or scar tissue from previous surgeries, or when additional surgical procedures are needed simultaneously. Abdominal hysterectomy may require a longer recovery period compared to vaginal hysterectomy due to the larger incision.

Vaginal Hysterectomy: In this approach, the uterus is removed through the vaginal canal without any external incisions on the abdomen. Vaginal hysterectomy is preferred when the uterus is of a normal size and there are no complicating factors. This technique usually results in a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery.

Both types of hysterectomy may be performed with or without removing the cervix and/or the ovaries, depending on the specific medical condition and the woman’s preferences.

Hysterectomy is considered a major surgery, and the decision to undergo this procedure should be carefully discussed with a qualified healthcare provider, considering the individual’s medical history, health needs, and personal preferences.