Dilation and Curettage (D&C) is a surgical procedure used for various gynecological purposes, including diagnosis, treatment, and management of certain conditions. It involves dilating or widening the cervix and then using a curette, a thin, spoon-shaped instrument, to scrape and remove the lining of the uterus (endometrium). D&C may be performed for several reasons: Diagnostic: To obtain a tissue sample for further examination in cases of abnormal uterine bleeding or to investigate the cause of certain gynecological conditions. Therapeutic: To treat conditions such as heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, incomplete miscarriage, or to remove polyps or fibroids from the uterine cavity. Postpartum: D&C may be done after childbirth to remove any retained placental tissue or manage excessive bleeding. D&C is usually performed as an outpatient procedure under local or general anesthesia, depending on the extent and complexity of the case. It is considered a safe and common gynecological procedure, but as with any medical intervention, there are potential risks and complications. Women undergoing a D&C should receive appropriate pre-operative counseling and post-operative care to ensure a successful and smooth recovery.