Contraception advice is essential for individuals who wish to prevent unintended pregnancies and make informed choices about their reproductive health. There are various contraceptive methods available, and the best option depends on factors such as age, lifestyle, medical history, and personal preferences.

Hormonal methods: These include birth control pills, patches, injections, hormonal IUDs, and implants. They work by regulating hormones to prevent ovulation, thinning the uterine lining, and thickening cervical mucus to inhibit sperm movement.

Barrier methods: Condoms, both male and female, create a physical barrier to prevent sperm from reaching the egg.

Intrauterine devices (IUDs): These are small T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus. Hormonal IUDs release progestin, while copper IUDs work by interfering with sperm movement.

Permanent methods: Surgical options like tubal ligation (for women) or vasectomy (for men) provide permanent contraception.

Fertility awareness-based methods: These involve tracking menstrual cycles and avoiding intercourse during fertile periods.

It’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider to discuss individual needs, potential side effects, and the effectiveness of each contraceptive method to make the most appropriate choice.