Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), commonly known as abortion, is a medical procedure that involves the intentional termination of a pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viability. It can be carried out for various reasons, including health risks to the mother, fetal abnormalities, or personal circumstances. MTP options include medication-induced abortion (using pills) and surgical procedures like suction aspiration or dilation and evacuation.

In many countries, abortion laws and regulations dictate the conditions under which MTP can be performed, the gestational age limits, and the availability of services. Access to safe and legal abortion services is crucial to protect the health and well-being of pregnant individuals. Risks associated with MTP include bleeding, infection, and emotional distress, underscoring the importance of obtaining care from qualified healthcare providers in appropriate medical settings. Nonjudgmental counseling and support are essential components of the decision-making process for those considering an abortion.